Rothenstein was also prolific as a painter. In the early 1900s his style gradually evolved towards brighter colours in response to Post-Impressionism, but he never incorporated its more advanced developments into his own art. He had a particular feeling for the landscapes of Gloucestershire, where he lived from 1912 to 1919.
During World War I Rothenstein was an Official War Artist to the British and Canadian armies on the Western Front, recording the devastation caused by war. Between 1920 and 1935 he served as Principal of the Royal College of Art, where his pupils included Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth. Serious illness prevented him from drawing or painting in the mid 1920s. He had the pleasure of working as an artist almost to the end of his life. His son Michael Rothenstein (1908–93) was also an artist.
H. W. [H. Wellington]: William Rothenstein (London, 1923)
J. Rothenstein: Portrait Drawings of William Rothenstein, 1889–1925 (London, 1926)
J. Rothenstein, ed.: Sixteen Letters from Oscar Wilde (London, 1930) [letters to William Rothenstein]
William Rothenstein: Memorial Exhibition (exh. cat. by A. John and J. Piper, London, Tate, 1950)
J. Rothenstein: Sickert to Smith, i of Modern English Painters (London, 1952, rev. 2/1984), pp. 121–36
R. Speaight: William Rothenstein: The Portrait of an Artist in his Time (London, 1962)
J. Rothenstein: Summer's Lease, i and Brave Day, Hideous Night, ii of Autobiography (London, 1965–6)
Sir William Rothenstein, 1872–1945: Paintings and Drawings (exh. cat., Gloucester, City Mus. & A.G., 1965–6)
Sir William Rothenstein, 1872–1945: A Centenary Exhibition (exh. cat., ed. J. Thompson; Bradford, Cartwright Hall, 1972)
M. Harries and S. Harries: The War Artists: British Official War Art of the 20th Century (London, 1983), pp. 60–64
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