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Amroha lies to the east of Delhi in the north of India. The artist, Thomas Daniell, saw this Idgah (Muslim religious building) while travelling in India with his nephew and collaborator William during the years 1786-94. The Daniells’ paintings and prints, particularly the publication Oriental Scenery (1795-1808), introduced a western audience to the landscapes of India.

The trees that frame and balance the scene were a well-established pictorial convention, derived from the classical landscape paintings of the French artist Claude Lorrain. In this way, Daniell’s picture casts an unfamiliar landscape into a format more familiar to western eyes.

October 2013