Norbert Goeneutte 1854-1894
N04538 Le Boulevard de Clichy, par un Temps de Neige (The Boulevard de Clichy under Snow) 1876
Inscribed 'N. Goeneutte' b.l.
Oil on canvas, 23 5/8 x 28 7/8 (60 x 73.5)
Purchased from Herbert Coleman through Arthur Ruck (Clarke Fund) 1930
Prov: M. Cherfils, Paris; with Gustave Tempelaere, Paris, 1895; with Aimé Diot, Paris; Diot sale, Drouot, Paris, 8-9 March 1897, lot 109 (380 frs.); ?; Herbert Coleman, London
Exh: Paris Salon, May-June 1876 (924), as 'Le boulevard de Clichy, par un temps de neige'; French Paintings and Drawings, Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, February-April 1932 (20); Impressionism: its Masters, its Precursors, and its Influence in Britain, RA Diploma Galleries, London, February-April 1974 (60, repr.)
Repr: John Rothenstein, Modern Foreign Pictures in the Tate Gallery (London 1947), pl.43
A view of the well-known boulevard in Montmartre. Painted in Paris in the winter of 1875-6 and exhibited at the Paris Salon in May 1876, together with 'In Class', Goeneutte's first contributions to the Salon. The artist made in 1876 an etching of the same title which follows the left-hand section very closely, though with the addition of two or three extra figures. A small painting of the same view (oil on panel, 19 x 25cm), but after the thaw had set in and with workmen beginning to clear the snow, was sold at Sotheby's on 3 May 1967, lot 63 repr., and was afterwards included in the Summer Exhibition at the O'Hana Gallery, London, in May-September 1968 (24, repr.).
A rather similar oil sketch (oil on panel, 15.5 x 8.5cm), showing the roadway and buildings on the left on a wintry day but without any snow, was exhibited in Collectors Choice at Gimpel Fils, London, in November 1953 (9, repr.) and was sold at Christie's on 30 June 1967, lot 64A, repr. This also served as the basis for an etching, with a few modifications. Yet another etching (probably based on a painting, though none has been traced) shows the same view in summer, with a flower-seller's barrow in the foreground. It is dated on the plate either 1878 or, more probably, 1877, the last figure being unclear.
The Goeneutte Memorial Exhibition at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, in 1895 included two paintings entitled 'The Boulevard de Clichy' (57 and 119, the latter lent by M. Baranger) and one called 'Snow Effect' (79, lent by M. Gérin).
Goeneutte was living in 1876 just off the Boulevard de Clichy, at 21 Rue Bréda (now Rue Henri Monnier).
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.289-90, reproduced p.289