Most of Kneller?s drawings were made
in connection with his painted portraits. At a client?s first sitting in the studio, he would make a chalk study of the head. This would then be transferred, probably by eye, to canvas. The drawing was
more an aid than a pattern to be copied exactly, and the client would return for further sittings.
Kneller ran a large and influential
studio from his house in the Piazza, Covent Garden, and from around 1703
in nearby Great Queen Street. His use
of preliminary drawings seems to have been followed by other artists.