Paul Nash Flight of the Magnolia 1944

Artwork details

Artist
Paul Nash 1889–1946
Title
Flight of the Magnolia
Date 1944
Medium Oil paint on canvas
Dimensions Support: 511 x 762 x 22 mm
frame: 687 x 942 x 85 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Purchased with assistance from the Friends of the Tate Gallery, the Art Fund and a group of donors 1999
Reference
T07552
On display at Tate Britain
Room: 1940

Summary

Flight of the Magnolia is part of a group of late works by Paul Nash that feature what the artist called ‘aerial flowers’. The painting depicts an unfurling magnolia blossom in flight, suspended between clouds and sea. Both the fleshy folds of the magnolia’s rounded petals and the seascape behind are realised in a pastel palette of pinks and blues, creating the impression of delicate dawn light. Nash made three versions of the painting during the summer of 1944, when he was living in Oxford, producing two near-identical watercolours on paper (now in the collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and the Santa Barbara Museum of Art in California) before working up this larger, final version in thickly applied oil paint.

Elements of this scene may be traced to a trip that Nash made in September 1943 to Dorset with his close friend Lance Sieveking, a British writer and BBC producer. During this visit, Nash made a quick study of a magnolia flower given to him by another friend, Gillian Barnard. ‘For months’, Nash later wrote in a letter to Barnard,

the drawing remained just another study yet I felt quite certain it had a more important destiny. Then just recently I arrived at my ‘aerial flowers’ series … the magnolia became air borne & it took to the element as a duck to water ... If you like the picture, feel you helped to make it or indeed caused it.
(Quoted in Pennie Denton, ‘Paul Nash and the Blue Pool’, Dorset Life – The Dorset Magazine, May 2013, pp.46–7.)

In his own recollections of the trip, Sieveking links Flight of the Magnolia to an unusual cloud formation that he and Nash glimpsed on their last morning in Dorset (Sieveking 1957, pp.79–83).

Despite these connections, the setting of Flight of the Magnolia is left undefined. In this respect, the painting differs from much of Nash’s previous work, which explores the character of specific landscapes. Rather than pursuing this tendency, Flight of the Magnolia’s vision of a flower in the sky brings Nash’s early interest in the mystical qualities of paintings by Samuel Palmer and William Blake – evident in works such as The Pyramids in the Sea 1912 (Tate T01821) – to bear on his longstanding fascination with flight and the sky. These subjects gained new emphasis for the artist during the late 1930s, as military attacks from the air became an increasing threat. In an essay from 1945, named after his ‘aerial flowers’ series, Nash describes how the Second World War affected his perception of the sky:

When the war came, suddenly the sky was upon us all like a huge hawk, hovering, threatening. Everyone was searching the sky, expecting the terror to fall: I among them scanned the low clouds … hunting the sky for what I most dreaded in my imagining. It was a white flower. Ever since the Spanish Civil War the idea of the Rose of Death, the name the Spaniards gave to the parachute, had haunted my mind, so that when the war overtook us I strained my eyes always to see that dreadful miracle of the sky blossoming with these floating flowers.
(Nash 1945, pp.158–9.)

While the flower in Flight of the Magnolia may be seen to relate to this vision, Nash also suggests in the same essay that his sky-bound flowers serve as ‘equivalents’ for his imaginative activity more generally (Nash 1945, pp.160–1). At the end of the essay, he addresses his experiments with airborne flowers in light of his own mortality: ‘it is death I have been writing about all this time … death, I believe, is the only solution to this problem of how to be able to fly’ (Nash 1945, pp.160–1). Many writers on Nash have highlighted this conclusion when interpreting Flight of the Magnolia, which was painted when the artist’s health was in decline, and just two years before his death. For example, Nash’s first biographer, Anthony Bertram, describes the image as ‘the last flight of the soul … in the form of a flower’ (Bertram 1955, pp.296–7).

The mysterious image in Nash’s painting provided the basis for a recent 16mm film, Our Magnolia 2009, by the British artists Rosalind Nashashibi and Lucy Skaer, which begins and ends with two extended shots of the canvas.

Further reading
Paul Nash, ‘Aerial Flowers’, Counterpoint, no.1, 1945, pp.1–8, reprinted in Andrew Causey (ed.), Paul Nash: Writings on Art, Oxford 2000, pp.135–61.
Anthony Bertram, Paul Nash: The Portrait of An Artist, London 1955, pp.296–7.
Andrew Causey, Paul Nash, Oxford 1980, p.320.

Debra Lennard
January 2014

Supported by Christie’s.