N03193 RICHMOND CASTLE 1903
Inscr. ‘P W Steer 1903’ b.r.
Canvas, 30 1/4×40 1/4 (77×102·5).
Presented by Sir Michael Sadler through the National Art-Collections Fund 1917.
Coll: Alfred Harmsworth (later Lord Northcliffe), purchased from the N.E.A.C. 1903, sold by him to the Carfax Gallery, where purchased by Sir Michael Sadler 1909.
Exh: N.E.A.C., November–December 1903 (118); Twenty Years of British Art, 1890–1910, Whitechapel Art Gallery, May–June 1910 (538); Tate Gallery, April–July 1929 (184); National Gallery, June–August 1943 (64).
Lit: MacColl in Artwork, No.17, 1929, p.21 (where incorrectly dated 1904); MacColl, 1945, pp.78, 205, repr. pl.27a.
Repr: Burlington Magazine, XVII, 1910, p.220; N.A.C.F. Report 1917, 1918, facing p.15; Ironside, 1943, pl.40.
MacColl in 1945 wrote (op. cit., p.78) of Steer's second visit to Richmond, Yorkshire: ‘We had rooms looking over the market place and church. The Three [i.e. William Coles, Fred Brown and Steer] were on the other side of the river, where Steer had converted a disused chapel into a studio, from the vantage-point and shelter of whose high steps he painted the stormy “Richmond Castle”, at the Tate, and “The Shower” in Blackwell's collection. Tonks was elsewhere in the town. It was a dour and wet season. The Three went forth carrying, as well as their other tackle, little platforms to keep their feet dry, for Steer had not yet given up painting a big canvas in the open.’ Steer paid his first visit to Richmond in 1895, and a view of the castle seen through the trees is now in the Rochdale Art Gallery. Other versions of the subject are listed by MacColl.
Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, II