Joseph Mallord William TurnerTrinità dei Monti from the Villa Medici, Rome 1819

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Artwork details

Artist
Title
Trinità dei Monti from the Villa Medici, Rome
From St Peter's Sketchbook
Turner Bequest CLXXXVIII
Date 1819
MediumGraphite on paper
Dimensionssupport: 114 x 189 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D16308
Turner Bequest CLXXXVIII 82 a
View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Catalogue entry

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Folio 83 Verso:
Trinità dei Monti from the Villa Medici, Rome 1819
D16308
Turner Bequest CLXXXVIII 82 a
Pencil on white wove paper, 114 x 189 mm
 
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
With its twin bell-towers and elevated position high above the Spanish Steps, the Church of Trinità del Monti is one of the most instantly recognisable buildings in Rome and has always presented a naturally picturesque subject for artists. During the nineteenth century this view in particular became a favoured prospect as numerous artists depicted the church from the nearby terrace of the Villa Medici, the home of the French Academy at Rome since 1803, see folio 66 verso (D16275; Turner Bequest CLXXXVIII 65a).1 Turner had noted its significance in his notes from A Classical Tour Through Italy by Rev. John Chetwode Eustace, compiled in the Italian Guide Book sketchbook (see Tate D13944; CLXXII 7a). This sketch shows the church on the left with the obelisk erected in front by Pope Pius VI in 1789. On the horizon in the background he has indicated the outline of the Capitoline Hill with the tower of the Senatorial Palace on the Campidoglio. A more detailed study from the same viewpoint can be found in the Roman Colour Studies sketchbook (see Tate D16331; Turner Bequest CLXXXIX 5).
A small part of the composition spills over onto the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 84 (D16309; Turner Bequest CLXXXVIII 83).

Nicola Moorby
January 2009

1
See for example Louis Dupré (1789–1837), Trinità dei Monti a Roma, oil (private collection); Charles-Auguste van den Berghe (1798–1853), La chiesa e il convento di Trinità dei Monti a Roma, 1827 (Collection of P. Matthiesen, London); and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (1796–1875), Trinità dei Monti da Villa Medici (Louvre, Paris), all reproduced in Anna Ottani Cavina, Un Paese Incantato: Italia Dipinta da Thomas Jones a Corot, exhibition catalogue, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais and Palazzo Te, Mantova, Italy 2001, pp.183–6, figs.112, 113 and 114.

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