Name given to the painting of Henri Matisse, André Derain and other artists from their circle from 1905 to about 1910 characterised by strong colours and fierce brushwork
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The group were called les fauves ‘the wild beasts’ because of their use of strident, often non-naturalistic colour and their apparently wild application of paint. Their subjects were highly simplified so their work was also quite abstract. The name was coined by the critic Louis Vauxcelles when their work was shown for the first time at the salon d’automne in Paris in 1905. As well as Matisse and Derain, the group included Georges Braque, Raoul Dufy, Georges Rouault, Maurice de Vlaminck.