French Neo-Impressionist painter of figures and landscapes. Born in Paris. Studied at a municipal drawing school under the sculptor Justin Lequien. Then worked 1878-80 at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in the studio of Lehmann, a pupil of Ingres. Copied paintings and drawings by Ingres and Holbein; studied the works of Delacroix and the colour theories of Chevreul, Charles Blanc, O.N. Rood and Charles Henry. Concentrated 1881-3 on drawing, especially in conté crayon, then began to analyse colours into their components (Divisionism) and lay them on side by side in small brush-strokes (Pointillism). Helped to found the Société des Artistes Indépendants in 1884, and met Signac, Cross and Angrand. From 1885 spent almost every summer on the Normandy coast at Grandcamp, Honfleur, etc.; series of coast scenes. Figure compositions, sometimes of large dimensions, during the winter months. Exhibited at the last Impressionist exhibition of 1886. His late works showed increasing stylisation akin to Art Nouveau. Died in Paris.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.681
Georges-Pierre Seurat (UK: SUR-ah, -uh, US: suu-RAH, French: [ʒɔʁʒ pjɛʁ sœʁa]; 2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French post-Impressionist artist. He is best known for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism as well as pointillism. While less famous than his paintings, his conté crayon drawings have also garnered a great deal of critical appreciation. Seurat's artistic personality was compounded of qualities which are usually supposed to be opposed and incompatible: on the one hand, his extreme and delicate sensibility, on the other, a passion for logical abstraction and an almost mathematical precision of mind. His large-scale work, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1884–1886), altered the direction of modern art by initiating Neo-impressionism, and is one of the icons of late 19th-century painting.
Art TermThe lightness or darkness of something – this could be a shade, or how dark or light a colour appears
Art TermDivisionism is a late nineteenth century painting technique that involved using tiny adjacent dabs of primary colour to create the …
Art TermPost-impressionism is a term which describes the changes in impressionism from about 1886, the date of last Impressionist group show …
Art TermOriginally the name of the official art exhibitions organised by the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture (Académie Royale …
Art TermFauvism is the name applied to the work produced by a group of artists (which included Henri Matisse and André …
Art TermNeo-impressionism is the name given to the post-impressionist work of Georges Seurat, Paul Signac and their followers who, inspired by …
Tate PapersDeveloped in relation to works by Tacita Dean and William Kentridge, this article explores the way in which the arrival …
Tate EtcHe was said to be one of the ‘most ingenious artists of his generation’ and someone who had ‘an infectious …