Catalogue entry

Jésus-Rafael Soto born 1923

T00793 Cardinal 1965

Inscribed 'HAUT', 'Soto | 1965' and '"CARDENAL"' on back
Painted wood mounted on chipboard, with painted metal rods suspended on nylon threads, 61 1/2 x 41 3/4 x 10 (156.5 x 106 x 25.5)
Purchased from the artist through Signals London (Grant-in-Aid) 1965
Exh: The Achievements of Jésus-Rafael Soto 1950-1965: 15 Years of Vibrations, Signals London, London, October-December 1965 (works not listed)
Lit: 'Stop Press' in Signals, 1, No.10, November-December 1965, p.2
Repr: Michael Compton, Optical and Kinetic Art (London 1967), on cover in colour

Like T00806, this was made specially for the exhibition at Signals London in October-December 1965, which included various other works with a large number of hanging rods, suspended on nylon threads in front of a striated black and white background. This was an elaboration of the same theme as the Tate's 'Horizontal Movement' of 1963. Not only do the forms disappear as a result of the displacement of the spectator, and are perceived mainly as vibrations, but the suspended bars can be swung, creating sensations of motion and producing musical sounds.

The title 'Cardinal' was suggested by the purple colour of the rods.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.697, reproduced p.697