Julio González

Maternity

1941

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Not on display

Artist
Julio González 1876–1942
Original title
Maternité
Medium
Ink, graphite and watercolour on paper
Dimensions
Support: 260 × 194 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Presented by Mme Roberta Gonzalez-Richard, the artist's niece 1972
Reference
T01630

Display caption

These two drawings demonstrate González's abiding interest in the theme of mother and child. The 1941 drawing shows his use of a simplified realism, reducing form to sheer planes. The 1934 work is a study for the sculpture <i>Maternity</i>, shown nearby. The drawing demonstrates the precision with which González envisaged structural ideas on paper, even if slight differences in detail occurred in the completed sculpture.

Gallery label, August 2004

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Catalogue entry

Julio González 1876-1942

T01630 Maternité (Maternity) 1941

Inscribed '25-4-41 | J.G.' b.l.
Pencil, pen and wash on paper, 10 1/4 x 7 5/8 (26 x 19.4), dimensions slightly irregular
Presented by Roberta González 1972
Lit: Josette Gibert, Julio González Dessins: Les Maternités (Paris 1975), p.84 repr.

González made a large number of drawings on the theme of mother and child from about 1906 onwards, as well as several sculptures, of which one of the most important is T01242.

This appears to be conceived as a project for a sheet iron sculpture similar to the 'Montserrat' of 1937. It is one of a series of related studies made over the period 22 April to 5 June 1941 (Gibert, op. cit., pp.82-92) which show the figures gradually becoming more and more agitated and distorted. An unfinished pen and wash drawing dated two days earlier (Gibert, op. cit., p.84) is particularly close.

[All the drawings by Julio González given to the Tate are authenticated on the back by his daughter Roberta González and inscribed with a title and date, or approximate date. The titles are used in the catalogue entries, but the dating has been made more precise wherever possible. (Julio González's drawings are usually dated from about 1934 onwards, but the great majority of the early drawings are undated).]

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.324, reproduced p.324


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