Joseph Mallord William Turner

A Ground Plan Design for Sandycombe Lodge, Twickenham


In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Pen and ink and graphite on paper
Support: 126 × 201 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CXXVII 3

Catalogue entry

This is one of numerous pages in this sketchbook relating to Turner’s self-designed Twickenham house, Sandycombe Lodge (see the Introduction to the sketchbook, where their general dating to circa 1809–11 is discussed; the ‘1812’ inscriptions noted below have necessitated a slight adjustment in this case). The plan shows the broad, shallow ‘Type B’ type categorised by Patrick Youngblood (as discussed in the Introduction to the Sandycombe section); related designs are in the Windmill and Lock sketchbook (Tate D08069, D08077; Turner Bequest CXIV 79a, 83a).1
There are extensive ink inscriptions by Turner in a small, careful hand around the top, bottom and right-hand edges, as well as measurements inscribed on the central diagram; because of all these annotated figures, Eric Shanes has called this page the ‘Estimates’ sheet for the Sandycombe project.2 At the top left is the following: ‘36 Feet. 11 feet high cost £21’; and a little below this: ‘11 Doors | 7 Windows’. A rougher, pencil note appears below these, recording two £10 banknote numbers:
10      –      15791 – 17 Jany 1812 
10      –       7633 – 26 Feby 1812 3
Shanes proposes that in the context of the other figures on this page, these represent two payments made shortly prior to building work, for a plan and a detailed estimate, with the other figures on the sheet relating to the latter.4
Towards the top right is the following:
Walls         80       Styles
Chimneys      20 
Doorway       10      Brick Work 
  Roof        50 
  Floors      50 
  Slates      20 
Plastering    50 
Ornamental    50 
              80 additional 5
The total of ‘320’ has possibly been corrected to ‘330’. James Hamilton describes these as ‘neat estimates, showing how Turner hoped the costs would fall out’.6
Below the top right comes another calculation:
  400       Purchase 
  400       Building 
  100       Grounds 
 £900 |     | 1000 7 
     Interest   30 
     <Taxes>   < 
Per Annum       50 
There appears to be a small figure crossed out above the total, which is itself not absolutely clear. As noted in the Introduction to the Sandycombe section, Patrick Youngblood suggests ‘400 Purchase’ as the price paid by Turner in 1807 for the plot at Twickenham.8
See Youngblood 1982, p.26.
Eric Shanes, draft text on Turner and Sandycombe in email to the author, 1 October 2011.
See Hamilton 1998, p.28 (transcription of this section) and p.130 note 18 concerning banknotes.
Eric Shanes, draft text in email to the author, 1 October 2011.
See Hamilton 1998, p.28 (transcription of this section).
See ibid. (transcription of this section).
Youngblood 1982, p.22.

Matthew Imms
January 2012

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