The pencil work is Turner’s own, and this may be a copy from a print, perhaps after Claude-Joseph Vernet (1714–1789); it is not necessarily related to Turner’s work for Dr Monro. Finberg suggested the identification of the subject as a view of Livorno, or Leghorn, on the west coast of central Italy. This is a well developed, fresh marine study which seems to draw some of its inspiration from Turner’s experience of the south coast of Wales and the Isle of Wight in 1795; see the South Wales and Isle of Wight sketchbooks (Tate; Turner Bequest XXVI, XXIV). The boats and buildings, as well as the precisely delineated lighthouse, are continental, but the figures conform to types that recur in Turner’s drawings of English people in these years.
Blank; a few paint smears; not stamped.