Joseph Mallord William Turner

A Mill at Ashford in the Water; a Peak District Hill; the Keep of Peveril Castle

?1831

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

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Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 191 × 114 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D22245
Turner Bequest CCXXXIX 52

Catalogue entry

With the page turned vertically, there are three sketches here, the upper two being divided by a horizontal pencil line. At the top are buildings in a rocky valley, labelled ‘Ashford Mill’. This is presumably Ashford in the Water, on the River Wye just west of Bakewell (see under folio 30 verso; D22205) and down the valley from Buxton (for which see under the verso, D22246); there were mills at both ends of the village, including one working black marble to the west and a corn mill to the east.1 Later tree growth has softened the profiles of the hills, and the viewpoint is uncertain.
The form of the hill in the middle sketch suggests another Peak District location, as yet unidentified; in may be near either of the other sites recorded here. The word below it to the right may be associated with it or with the second word below, which appears to be joined by a line to the third sketch, which shows an isolated detail of a ruin; Ian Warrell’s suggestion of Peveril Castle as the subject2 is correct, and the keep is seen in isolation from the south. For other views of the castle, Castleton and Peak Cavern, see under folio 1 verso (D22152).

Matthew Imms
April 2014

1
See ‘Derbyshire Mills Index’, Derbyshire Heritage, accessed 16 April 2014, http://www.derbyshireheritage.co.uk/Menu/Archaeology/Mills.php.
2
Ian Warrell, notes from 1993 and later in Tate catalogue files.

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