Joseph Mallord William Turner

Burg Maus and Wellmich Church, on the River Rhine


Not on display

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite on paper
Support: 104 × 170 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CCCIII 47

Catalogue entry

The drawing was made with the page turned horizontally. As identified by Cecilia Powell,1 it shows the ruins of Burg Maus, since restored, high to the north-east above the spire of St Martin’s Church, Wellmich, on the east bank of the River Rhine.
Powell has noted that Turner neared the end of this tour following ‘the familiar route of the Rhine between Mainz and Cologne. He almost certainly travelled by steamer, ... sketching most of the well-known sights perfunctorily as he passed.’2 Given that this sketchbook was used in reverse of its subsequent foliation, she has specified the overall range of this phase as ‘TB CCCIII 68v–20v; 11r’,3 indicating folios 12 recto and 21 verso–69 verso (D30479, D30497–D30592; Turner Bequest CCCIII 20a–68a); see this book’s Introduction for the full itinerary of this part of the journey.
For other Burg Maus views in this sketchbook and elsewhere, see under folio 47 recto (D30548; CCCIII 46). Wellmich is also shown on the verso (D30551; CCCIII 47a). For other views, see the 1817 Waterloo and Rhine and Rhine sketchbooks (respectively Tate D12817–D12819; Turner Bequest CLX 60–61; D12918–D12919, D12930–D12932, D12962–D12964; CLXI 21a, 22, 26c–27a, 43–44), the 1833 Brussels up to Mannheim – Rhine sketchbook (D29689, D29714–D29715; CCXCVI 48, 61, 61a), and the 1839 Trèves to Cochem and Coblenz to Mayence sketchbook (D28512; CCXC 80a). A watercolour of about 1844, Wellmich and Burg Maus on the Rhine, has a pencil study of Bacharach on the verso (National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin).4

Matthew Imms
September 2018

Powell 1995, p.246.
Ibid., p.72.
Ibid., p.82 note 70.
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.461 no.1343, as ‘Landscape on the Moselle or Rhine’, ?1844, reproduced.

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