after Joseph Mallord William Turner

Graville, engraved by Robert Brandard

published 1833

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
After Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Line engraving on paper
Image: 95 × 141 mm
Purchased 1986

Display caption

The Norman abbey church on the left of this view can still be found amid the industrial outskirts of Le Havre. 'Graville'is one of five subjects engraved for the *Annual Tour* project, which for some reason were separated from the original set of forty finished designs during Turner's lifetime. It appears the artist tried to reclaim them from Charles Heath, his publisher, but was unsuccessful. Regrettably, the preliminary drawing is now untraced, but even in this engraving, it is possible to appreciate the subtlety of Turner's evocation of sunrise. This was an effect he particularly favoured in this series, though the time of day has sometimes been misconstrued by earlier commentators, such as John Ruskin.

Gallery label, September 2004

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Catalogue entry

[from] Turner's Annual Tour, 1834: Wanderings by the Seine pub.1834 [T04698-T04707; complete]

Ten line-engravings by various engravers, comprising ten subjects out of a total of twenty; various sizes; all bearing Turner studio blind stamp
Purchased (Grant-in-Aid) 1986
Prov: Artist's sale, Christie's 23–5 April 1873; ...; N.W. Lott and H.J. Gerrish Ltd, from whom bt by Tate Gallery
Lit: Leitch Ritchie, Turner's Annual Tour: Wanderings by the Seine, 1834; The Rivers of France, 1837 (reprinted with an introduction by Eric Shanes, 1990); Leitch Ritchie, Liber Fluviorum: With a Biographical Sketch by Alaric A. Watts, 1853; M.B. Huish, The Seine and the Loire, 1895; Turner en France, exh. cat., Centre culturel du Marais, Paris 1981

For a discussion of this project, see under T04678-T04697 above. The engravers responsible for the plates in this group were: James Baylis Allen (1803–76), Robert Wallis (1794–1878), Robert Brandard (1805–62), Thomas Jeavons (c. 1800–67), James Tibbetts Willmore (1800–63), William Miller (1796–1882) and John Cousen (1804–80).

T04700 Graville engr. R. Brandard, pub.1834

Line-engraving 96 × 141 (3 3/4 × 5 9/16) on India paper laid on wove paper 300 × 437 (11 13/16 × 17 3/16); plate-mark 149 × 225 (5 7/8 × 8 7/8)
Engraved inscriptions as for T04698 but with engraver's name given as ‘R. Brandard.’
Lit: Rawlinson II 1913, no.456, first published state

Published: p.40. Original watercolour: untraced (Wilton 1979, no.954).

Published in:
Tate Gallery: Illustrated Catalogue of Acquisitions 1986-88, London 1996

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