This is a very tentative and presumably early essay. The famous original from which the Royal Academy’s cast was taken had been in the Borghese collection, housed in the Villa Borghese in Rome, since its discovery at Nettuno (ancient Antium) in the early seventeenth century. The Belvedere Apollo (for which see chiefly Tate D00056–D00058; Turner Bequest V C–E) was also discovered at Antium. Other studies of the Gladiator, also known as the ‘Fighting Gladiator’, are Tate D00069, D00071 and D40219 (Turner Bequest V Q, V S, V P [verso]).
The verso of this sheet is D40220.
The top right corner has been torn away.