Turner drew these six diminutive yet precisely rendered views as he navigated the Moselle away from Müden and Moselkern and towards Burgen and the Castle Bischofstein. Its crenellated cylindrical keep, decorated with a single white band near centre, is depicted by Turner rising from steep stone cliffs. The castle was constructed in the second half of the thirteenth century under the direction of the Archbishops of Trier.1 During the Nine Years War (1688–97), however, Bischofstein sustained multiple attacks from French troops and lay in ruin until its auction in 1803.2 Adjoining the castle’s donjon tower is a small chapel dedicated to St Stephen, and beneath it, a little further down the mount towards the river, is the larger eleventh-century Chapel of St Paul.
The paper has browned and the pencil has faded a little: this is the likely result of the folio’s overexposure during its display at the National Gallery in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.
- townscapes / man-made features(21,691)
- townscape, distant(8,119)
- River Mosel(336)