Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Bock, Luxembourg, and St John’s Church, from the South-West


In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite on paper
Support: 101 × 168 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CCLXXXVIII 61 a

Display caption

In this sketchbook Turner was chiefly concerned with the great towns of the upper Meuse and adjacent areas, showing their vast and complicated fortifications either situated on rocky cliffs (as at Givet) or constructed between whip-lash meanders (as at Mézières on the Meuse and Metz on the Moselle). Luxembourg was the largest town recorded, with the most complex sequence of citadels, fortifications and valleys. Turner's viewpoint for both the sketches on ff.61v-62r was the Alzette valley immediately beneath the Pont du Château, looking north-eastwards towards the cliff-like Rocher du Bock and, further away, the four great fortified towers on the Rham.

Gallery label, August 1991

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