The main view was made with the page turned horizontally. As Cecilia Powell has noted,1 it shows the ruins of Burg Hals, on its high ridge within a tight meander of the River Ilz, looking out to the spire of St George’s Church, lightly indicated in the village immediately below, and onwards to the Oberhaus fortress at Passau, on the heights overlooking the mouth of the Ilz where it meets the Danube. There are equally elevated views back from there to Hals in the contemporary Passau and Burg Hals sketchbook (Tate D33669–D33670; Turner Bequest CCCXL 4, 5). For numerous contemporary views of Hals and the ruins on adjacent pages of this sketchbook and elsewhere, see under folio 58 verso (D31391).
At right angles is an unrelated subsequent study of the stepped gable and fenestration of the north front of Schloss Rosenau, in the Itz (sic) Valley about four miles north-east of Coburg. The sketch is continued on folio 63 recto opposite (D31400), with the garden terrace running along that side, among other sketches around the castle and Coburg itself. For the few views of Schloss Rosenau (notable to Turner as the birthplace of Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert) in this sketchbook and related works, see under folio 22 recto (D31318).2