Joseph Mallord William Turner

Two Wooded Landscapes, One with a Classical Building

c.1828–45

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 225 x 365 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D34854
Turner Bequest CCCXLIV 366

Catalogue entry

There are two loose variations on wooded, hilly landscapes here, divided by rough horizontal pencil lines. They are rapid permutations of the landscape motifs of Claude Lorrain, a consistent influence on Turner (see the Introduction to this subsection). At the top, a distant town or large building is lit by the sun over the highest peak on the left; below, there is what seems to be a classical portico or rotunda on the left, and the sun is lower down to its right, with a wavy reflection in water in the foreground.
Tate D34851–D34856 (Turner Bequest CCCXLIV 363–368) are all on two sides of a quartered single sheet, as discussed in the technical notes; the other quarters were also mainly used for landscape studies, as described under D34851, where there is also a note on dating.
Technical notes:
Tate D34851–D34856 (Turner Bequest CCCXLIV 363–368) are all on two sides of a single sheet folded into quarters, with the watermark ‘John Hall | 1828’ exactly at the centre; each averages approximately 183 x 213 mm of the overall dimensions. Finberg listed them individually as ‘folded’,1 albeit without noting their all being on one sheet; once folded firmly into four, they were lightly folded twice more, leaving three parallel creases across each quarter.
In terms of the whole sheet when aligned vertically, D34851–D34854 (CCCXLIV 363–366) are on one side, at the top left, bottom left, top right and bottom right relative to each other. D34855 and D34856 (CCCXLIV 367, 368) are on the other side, at the bottom left and right relative to each other, the upper half being blank. D34855 (CCCXLIV 367) is on the other side of the present work, and D34856 on the other side of D34852. The sheet is almost ripped in half by a jagged tear along the right-hand half of the horizontal fold (that is, the right-hand edge of the present quarter viewed independently); it also extends diagonally across D34851.
There are small brown spots towards the top left and right

Matthew Imms
August 2016

1
See Finberg 1909, II, p.1143.

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