This page contains a swiftly drawn landscape sketch from a hillside location looking towards distant hills. As Cecilia Powell identified, the tower in the middle distance represents part of the Rocca Pia, Tivoli’s fifteenth-century castle.1 Turner’s viewpoint therefore was the Villa d’Este, a sixteenth-century villa and formal Renaissance garden built for Cardinal Ippolito d’Este (1509–1572), the son of Lucrezia Borgia. The artist made several studies of the panoramic view from the terrace of the Gran Loggia, see folio 38 verso (D14997), and this sketch depicts the vista looking south-east towards Monte Catillo. A similar but more detailed composition can be found in the Tivoli sketchbook (Tate D15477; Turner Bequest CLXXXIII 11).
The drawing spills over onto the opposite sheet of the double-spread, see folio 38 (D14996).
Powell 1984, p.410.