An arched bridge leading towards the entranceway of an unidentified town is the subject of the principal sketch. There are also two small squared-off views: at top left is a town shown from a distance during a rainstorm and the other, at bottom right, annotated ‘Cuyp’, shows a river flowing towards a fortified town with figures walking at its banks. The inscription ‘Cuyp’ refers to Aelbert Cuyp (1620–1691), a Dutch ‘Golden Age’ landscape artist. Turner may have found the landscape before him reminiscent of a Cuyp tableau, just as he had found an earlier landscape in northern France evocative of paintings by his contemporary and friend A.W. Callcott (Tate D19588; Turner Bequest CCXVI 19).