Joseph Mallord William Turner

Whitby: The Abbey from the Inner Harbour, Looking South

1801

Not on display
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 112 x 162 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D02469
Turner Bequest LIII 6

Catalogue entry

With the page turned horizontally, Whitby Abbey is prominent in the centre of this view, with the parish church of St Mary visible to the left. The Abbey was founded in the mid–seventh century by Oswy, King of Northumbria, with St Hilda as Abbess. It was rebuilt following its reconstitution in the twelfth century, and its much–weathered ruins high on the cliff above the town remain a landmark.
This sketch, and those on the following pages, folios 7 recto, 8 recto and 9 recto (D02470, D02471, D02473), may have been used as the basis for a watercolour view of Whitby executed for the series known as ‘Holloway’s Continuation of the England and Wales’;1 an engraving was planned, which is known only from a progress proof, open etching (R.312).2
See also the views around Whitby on folio 8 verso, 9 verso and 10 recto (D02472, D02474, D02475).
1
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.405 no.903.
2
W[illiam] G[eorge] Rawlinson, The Engraved Work of J.M.W. Turner, R.A., vol.I, London 1908, p.173 no.312.
Verso:
Blank

Andrew Wilton
May 2013

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