N03680 THE DOVE c. 1895
Inscr. ‘J. Crawhall’ t.l.
Gouache on holland (linen) stitched to card, irregular, 9 1/2×12 (24×30).
Purchased from John Craig Annan through T. & R. Annan & Sons (Clarke Fund) 1922.
Coll: Fred Rowntree, York, who purchased it either direct from the artist or through T. & R. Annan & Sons in the late 1890s (letter from Colin Rowntree, 1 June 1960).
Lit: Adrian Bury, Joseph Crawhall: The Man and the Artist, 1958, p.76, repr. p.119, pl.27.
Repr: V. & A., Twentieth Century British Watercolours, 1958, pl.5.
Adrian Bury wrote (op. cit.) that it was difficult to determine what watercolours were done by Crawhall in the last decade of his life, although it seemed certain that ‘The Dove’, along with three paintings in the Burrell Collection, ‘Chinese Goose’, ‘The Rook's Nest’ and ‘Circus Rider’ were late works, dating from 1902 to 1907. He noted that N03680 was ‘a late work, more symbolical than realistic, in which the bird is subordinated to the design as a whole’ (op. cit., p.119). However, the date must be earlier than he supposed, since this work was purchased in the late 1890s.
Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, I