A.R. Penck (Ralf Winkler)

1939 – 2017

A.R. Penck (Ralf Winkler), ‘East’ 1980
East 1980
© Estate of A.R. Penck
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In Tate Britain


Ralf Winkler, alias A. R. Penck, who also used the pseudonyms Mike Hammer, T. M., Mickey Spilane, Theodor Marx, "a. Y." or just "Y" (5 October 1939 – 2 May 2017) was a German painter, printmaker, sculptor, and jazz drummer. A neo-expressionist, he became known for his visual style, reminiscent of the influence of primitive art.

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