Cristina de Middel (born 1975) is a Spanish documentary photographer and artist living and working in Uruapan, Mexico.
De Middel self-published The Afronauts in 2012, a photobook about the short-lived Zambian space program in Southern Africa. According to Magnum Photos, the book "explored the history of a failed space program in Zambia in the 1960s through staged reenactments of obscure narratives, challenging the traditional depiction of the African continent". The book quickly sold out and the work was met with critical acclaim. She was nominated for the 2013 Deutsche Börse Photography Prize for The Afronauts.
In 2013, de Middel received the Infinity Award from the International Center of Photography. In 2017 she became a nominee member of Magnum Photos and in 2022 became a full member. In June 2022, she became the first Spaniard to be elected president of Magnum Photos.