Bandele ‘Tex’ Ajetunmobi

East End, London

c.1975, printed 2012

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Bandele ‘Tex’ Ajetunmobi 1921 – 1994
Photograph, C-print on paper
Image: 280 × 280 mm
Gift Eric and Louise Franck London Collection 2016


In East End, London c.1975 a young mixed ethnicity couple sit proudly on the bonnet of their car in front of a housing block such as were built across London in the 1950s and 1960s. The couple’s clothes, hair and car situate the image firmly in the 1970s. The subject of mixed ethnicity couples was particularly dear to Ajetunmobi and features repeatedly in his earlier work in black and white, such as Couple Kissing, Whitechapel, London c.1960s (Tate P14367). In this image a black man and a white woman are caught in the act of kissing, seemingly oblivious to the presence of the camera, or at least indifferent to it.

Bandele Ajetunmobi – widely known as ‘Tex’ –was one of Britain’s first black photographers. He was born in Nigeria in 1921 and was apprenticed to a portrait photographer in Lagos. In 1947, at the age of twenty-six, he stowed away on a boat from Nigeria where he had found himself an outcast on account of the disability he acquired from having polio as a child. He settled in Spitalfields, East London, an area he documented through photography for almost half a century, focusing on immigrant communities and the multi-racial nature of the area. The two photographs entitled Members’ Club, Whitechapel, London (Tate P14368 and P14370) date from the 1950s and are early documents of a multi-cultural London in the post-war years, at a time when a growing number of men and women were immigrating to Britain from the former colonies. They depict a musician and a mixed ethnicity couple in a club in the Whitechapel area, where many immigrants from the Caribbean settled. These types of venues were shaped by and for black people, but from the start were also frequented by white people. As the art historian Kobena Mercer has noted, in Britain ‘the nightlife surrounding black music was always a cross-cultural affair’ (Mercer 2012, p.15).

Most of Ajetunmobi’s work was destroyed when he died in 1994 apart for some two hundred negatives that his niece Victoria Loughran rescued. These are housed in the archive of Autograph ABP, London; the prints in Tate’s collection come from these negatives and were previously in the Eric and Louise Franck Collection, London.

Further reading
John Newman, Twin Lens Reflex – The Portrait Photographs of Bandele ‘Tex’ Ajetunmobi and Harry Jacobs, London 2004.
Kobena Mercer, ‘Funky London Childhood’, in Dennis Morris, Dennis Morris, Growing Up Black, London 2012, pp.14–15.

Elena Crippa
April 2016

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