MOMA MACHYNLLETH (Machynlleth, UK): Artist Refugees and British Art
T00597 CIVILIZATION: THE JUDGE 1962
Inscr. ‘Charoux’ on back of base r., and again on back of right thigh.
Bronze, 19 1/2×13×10 3/4 (49·5×33×27).
Chantrey Purchase from the artist 1963.
Exh: R.A., 1963 (1226).
One of a proposed edition of six casts of the maquette for the large figure in cement which was also exhibited at the R.A., 1963 (1267). There was also a watercolour, ‘The Judge’, in the same exhibition (903). The artist wrote (15 August 1963) that T00597 was the first three-dimensional design for the large sculpture, and that he had made various other studies in watercolours at about the same time, early in 1962. ‘“The Judge” is one of a series of sculptures I intend to make on the theme Civilization. The “Cellist” (at present at Kenwood House), the “Motorcyclist”, “Violinist”, “Survivor” and others are part of that series.
‘The series stems from a desire to reflect on the spiritual contents of our times. To my mind reflection means criticism, protest and even rebellion... it is also an insistence on freedom.... The “Judge” represents Justice (jurisprudence and jurisdiction) in that inhuman form mankind all over the world now tolerates: drapery and an obsession for punishment.’
Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, I