Palazzo Reale (Milan, Italy): Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
- Charles Allston Collins 1828–1873
- Oil paint on mahogany
- Support: 445 x 692 mm
frame: 660 x 915 x 90 mm
- Purchased 1980
T03025 MAY, IN THE REGENT'S PARK 1851
Inscribed ‘CACollins/1851’ bottom right (CAC in monogram) and ‘No.3/May in the Regents Park/Charles Collins/17 Hanover Terrace/R[egent's] Park’ on a label on the back
Oil on panel, 17 1/2 × 27 5/16 (44.5 × 69.4)
Purchased from Richard Green (Grant-in-Aid) 1980
Prov: Said to have been bought at the 1852 R.A. exhibition by a Mr Crooke of Cumberland Terrace, in whose family it remained until the 1940s, when acquired by a private collector who sold it at Sotheby's Belgravia, I October 1979 (2, repr. in colour), bt. Richard Green.
Exh: R.A. 1852 (55).
Lit: Allen Staley, The Pre-Raphaelite Landscape, 1973, pp.83, 91, 150.
The Collins family moved from Blandford Square to 17 Hanover Terrace, Regent's Park in August 1850. ‘May, in the Regent's Park’ was presumably painted from a window at this address, looking eastwards across the park, though a critic in The Athenæum, reviewing the 1852 R.A. exhibition, thought the view was taken from a window in nearby Sussex Place. Collins' title can be taken to refer both to the month of May and to the large bush of pink May or Hawthorn seen in the left foreground.
One of the first Pre-Raphaelite landscapes to be exhibited, ‘May, in the Regent's Park’ was adversely criticised for its emphasis on minutiæ and for its bald design. The Art Journal (1852, p.166) commented on its ‘useless and absurd rules of composition’, noting the presence of ‘all kinds of inexorable straight lines’. The Illustrated London News (22 May 1852, p.407) suggested that ‘a tea-tray, not a picture-frame’ would be a more appropriate vehicle for it. The Athenæum (22 May 1852, p.582) declared that ‘The botanical predominates altogether over the artistical, - and to a vicious and mistaken extreme. In nature there is air as well as earth, - she masses and generalizes where these fac-simile makers split hairs and particularize’. Nevertheless, Collins appears to have sold the painting. According to the anonymous vendor of the work at Sotheby's Belgravia in 1979, ‘a Mr Crooke who lived in Cumberland Terrace, bought the picture from Burlington House [i.e. The Royal Academy, not then in fact at Burlington House] for £100 in 1851 [i.e. 1852], and it stayed in that family until the 1940's’. Nothing further has been discovered about Mr Crooke.
Collins gave up painting to concentrate on writing in about 1860, the year he married Charles Dickens' daughter Kate. No other landscapes of this kind are known to survive from his brief career as an artist. Until its reappearance at auction in 1979, ‘May, in the Regent's Park’ was itself known only from description.
The Tate Gallery 1978-80: Illustrated Catalogue of Acquisitions, London 1981
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