The 'colonie', or holiday camps, depicted in these photographs were all located in seaside resorts. Chiavari, Calambrone and Marina di Massa are all holiday destinations on the west coast of Northern Italy. It is common in Italy to name schools, roads and other municipal structures after important historical dates. 28 October, the name given to the 'colonia' depicted here at Marina di Massa, was the date of the famous March on Rome in 1922. This resulted in the newly formed Fascist party, led by Benito Mussolini, being given authority to form a new government which held power until its fall in 1943. The 28 October consequently became one of the most important dates in the Fascist calendar.
Gallery label, September 2004
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