Jacques Lipchitz


1915, cast 1964

Not on display

Jacques Lipchitz 1891–1973
Original title
Personnage debout
Object: 502 × 136 × 101 mm
Presented by the Lipchitz Foundation 1982

Display caption

This is a plaster cast dating from 1964, made from the moulds of bronze casts made at the same time. Lipchitz referred to it as 'a small sketch' and intended it as a study for a larger Cubist sculpture. Through his friendship with Rivera, Picasso and Gris, Lipchitz participated in the Cubist movement after 1914. He made low-reliefs and sculptures in the round. These included many figures, like those in this gallery, and also clowns, musicians and still lifes.

Gallery label, August 2004

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Catalogue entry

T03501 Figure 1915

Plaster 19 3/4 × 5 3/8 × 4 (502 × 136 × 101)
Not inscribed
Presented by the Lipchitz Foundation 1982
Lit: Arnason 1969, repr. 2 (bronze); Lipchitz 1972, p.37 and repr. 26 (bronze); Stott 1975, p.257 (26, bronze)

A bronze cast of this sculpture was shown at the exhibition of Jacques Lipchitz: 157 Small Bronze Sketches at the Otto Gerson Gallery in New York in 1963 (2). It was the only cubist sculpture included, perhaps because of its small size and status as a study for a larger work. Lipchitz referred to it as ‘a small sketch that still has much of the machine world of my demountables’ (Lipchitz, loc.cit).

The Modern Art Foundry in New York, which cast the bronzes for this exhibition, have a polaroid photograph of the original of this sculpture (probably also a plaster), marked on the reverse:

Figure 1915 19" high 7/6 off 1 plaster/722/
Billed 5/4/64/19" H - if he adds base add 5

The Tate Gallery plaster was therefore cast in 1964 from one of the moulds of the bronzes cast for the Otto Gerson Gallery exhibition. The surface has not been cleaned, and the sculpture was not intended for exhibition.

Bronze casts have been exhibited with the title ‘Half Standing Figure’, first at the Marlborough-Gerson Gallery in 1968 (Lipchitz. The Cubist Period, March–April 1968 (20)).

[For T03397 and T03479 to T03534 the foundry inscriptions, and reproductions of casts in other materials in the books listed below, are recorded. Abbreviations used:

Arnason 1969 H.H. Arnason, Jacques Lipchitz: Sketches in Bronze, 1969

Lipchitz 1972 Jacques Lipchitz, My Life in Sculpture, 1972

Stott 1975 Deborah A. Stott, Jacques Lipchitz and Cubism, 1975 (reprinted 1978)

Otterlo 1977 A.M. Hammacher, Lipchitz in Otterlo, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, 1977

Centre Pompidou 1978 Nicole Barbier, Lipchitz: oeuvres de Jacques Lipchitz (1891–1973) dans les collections du Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, 1978

Arizona 1982 Jacques Lipchitz. Sketches and Models in the collection of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona. Introduction and catalogue by Peter Bermingham, 1982]

Published in:
The Tate Gallery 1982-84: Illustrated Catalogue of Acquisitions, London 1986

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