With the page turned vertically, Turner has produced two studies, one above the other. They probably show different aspects of the same ancient, gnarled oak tree. The upper view includes a rural church beyond, with a buttressed, castellated square tower and a small porch; compare the evocative juxtaposition of the church and tree in the watercolour vignette of An Old Oak of about 1830–2 (Tate D27691; Turner Bequest CCLXXX 174) for Samuel Rogers’s Poems, although the composition is not directly related. The second study here shows the trunk of an oak, with a slight figure, apparently that of a woman in a bonnet, looking down at an object – presumably a gravestone. The setting may be West Sussex, as this page follows a sequence of identified views in that area (see the sketchbook’s Introduction).