Joseph Mallord William Turner

Bregenz and Lake Constance (the Bodensee) from the Gebhardsberg

1840

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 89 x 149 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D32270
Turner Bequest CCCXX 4 a

Catalogue entry

With the page turned horizontally, the view is to the north-west over Bregenz, with Lake Constance1 stretching away towards Konstanz, and the disk of what is presumably the setting sun low over the horizon. The viewpoint is near Burg Hohenbregenz castle on its crag on the Gebhardsberg. At the bottom left is the spire of the church adjacent to the castle, continued from folio 5 recto opposite (D32271). Finberg’s 1909 Inventory bracketed the two pages as a single subject,2 but they are independent. See under folio 2 verso (D32266) for Bregenz views on adjacent pages and four related watercolours on blue paper.3 The drawings on folios 4 recto–6 verso (D32269–D32274) are all from Gebhardsberg viewpoints.
Barbara Dawson has related this page and folio 3 verso (D32268) to one of the contemporary watercolours, with the sun setting beyond the lake (National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin),4 although the topographical correspondence is not especially close.

Matthew Imms
September 2018

1
See Yardley 1983, p.55.
2
See Finberg 1909, II, p.1030.
3
See also Yardley 1983, pp.54–5, Powell 1995, pp.65, 81 note 8, 155, and Selborne 2008, pp.96, 98 note 2.
4
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.462 no.1351, as ‘Rapperswil’, reproduced; see Dawson 1988, p.114.

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