Joseph Mallord William Turner

Brunico (Bruneck) and its Castle, with the River Rienza (Rienz)

1840

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 89 × 149 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D32328
Turner Bequest CCCXX 34 a

Catalogue entry

With the pages turned horizontally, folios 34 verso and 35 recto and verso (D32328–D32330) show Brunico (Bruneck), a Dolomites town roughly fifteen miles north-east of Bressanone (Brixen; see folio 31 recto; D32321) In the present drawing the view is south from the bridge over the River Rienza (Rienz).
The turret on the right is now part of a hotel on the Via Bastioni, while to the left are the Baroque gable and onion-domed tower of the church of Santo Spirito. In the distance south-east along the river are the twin towers of Santa Maria Assunta, now obscured by trees, and towards the top right is the tower of the Rainkirche; both are at the foot of the steep ascent to Castello Brunico (Schloss Bruneck) beyond, now a museum. Most of these features are seen again from a little to the east on folio 35 recto opposite (D32329).
A long sequence of sketches, mostly characterised as ‘Mountains’ by Finberg (with occasional identifications and transcriptions of the place names marked by the artist), lies between folios 7 recto and 76 recto (D32275–D32411).1 See the sketchbook’s Introduction for the likely overall route between Bregenz and Venice.2

Matthew Imms
September 2018

1
See Finberg 1909, II, pp.1030–2.
2
See also Cecilia Powell, Turner in Germany, exhibition catalogue, Tate Gallery, London 1995, pp.65, 81 note 9.

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