The Castles Ehrenfels, Klopp, and Bingen, along with the Mäuseturm depicted in the previous folio (Tate D28492; Turner Bequest CCXC 71a), formed a network of defensive fortifications to protect the territory of the archbishopric of Mainz. The castles were of great strategic importance because of their favourable locations around the Binger Loch; they were used as toll stations to collect tax from ships passing through this stretch of the Rhine.1 Here Turner depicts the ruins of all three of these monuments, situated amongst dramatic mountain ranges of the Rhine Gorge.
See entries for Castles Ehrenfels and Klopp, ‘Castles on the Rhine river in Germany’, Loreley Info, http://www
.loreley, accessed 28 July 2013. -info .com /eng /rhein -rhine /castles .php
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