This sketch continues across folio 3 of this sketchbook (D04195). This portion is mainly devoted to an outline sketch of Fort Rouge, a wooden ‘bateau fixe’ built by Louis XIV to defend Calais, that stood on piles just outside the harbour. It was destroyed by fire in 1856. Though slight, the sketch anticipates but extends further to the left the composition of Calais Pier, with French Poissards Preparing for Sea; an English Packet Arriving, shown at the Royal Academy in 1803 (National Gallery, London).1
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, pp.37–8 no.48 (pl.58).
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