Joseph Mallord William Turner

Calais Pier, with Figures at Right, Fishing Smacks Beyond

1802

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 112 × 187 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D04194
Turner Bequest LXXI 2 a

Catalogue entry

This sketch continues across folio 3 of this sketchbook (D04195). This portion is mainly devoted to an outline sketch of Fort Rouge, a wooden ‘bateau fixe’ built by Louis XIV to defend Calais, that stood on piles just outside the harbour. It was destroyed by fire in 1856. Though slight, the sketch anticipates but extends further to the left the composition of Calais Pier, with French Poissards Preparing for Sea; an English Packet Arriving, shown at the Royal Academy in 1803 (National Gallery, London).1

David Blayney Brown
April 2003

1
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, pp.37–8 no.48 (pl.58).

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