For Turner’s visit to Grenoble in 1802 see Introduction to the sketchbook and notes to D04495; Turner Bequest LXXIV 3.
Turner’s label for this drawing is inscribed ‘Ville de Grenoble Mt Blanc’ [sic]. From the south bank of the River Isère, Turner looks towards the wooden Pont de St Laurent in the general direction of the Porte de Savoie. The bridge, reinforced with stone piers to judge from the drawing, was for a long time Grenoble’s only bridge across the Isère. In 1837 it was replaced by a suspension bridge, the Passarelle St Laurent. Buildings include the fourteenth-century Tour de l’Île, part of the old city fortifications which had housed the French army of occupation in 1792, and on the far right a spire, perhaps that of Saint-André, the former chapel of the Dauphins, or the Cathedral. On the left, ramparts climb the slope to the Bastille. The Belledonne massif is visible in the background but not Mont Blanc, as Turner seems to have thought and as was repeated by the present writer in the 1999 Tate/Martigny catalogue. For comments and corrections, the author is grateful to Roland Courtot of the University of Aix-en-Provence.1
The initial ‘F’ on Turner’s label denotes a possible commission from Walter Fawkes. However, the subject is not included in the list of works for Fawkes in the Greenwich sketchbook (Tate D06824; Turner Bequest CII 52) but seems to have been assigned instead to his friend Edward Swinburne; ‘Ed Swinburne 40 Gn Grenoble’ is noted elsewhere in the same book (D16721; Turner Bequest CII 1) and at some point Turner also included ‘14 Grenoble’ in a list of French and Swiss subjects on the back of a random pencil sketch (Tate D08253; Turner Bequest CXX m). Nevertheless it was apparently only in 1824 that Turner produced the large watercolour Grenoble Bridge (Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland)2 for another patron, Charles Holford. Accordingly, in his catalogue notes for Marlborough House, John Ruskin wrote of this subject; ‘Exquisitely realised ... in a large drawing now in the possession of Mrs. Holford, of Hampstead’.3
- townscapes / man-made features(21,710)