Joseph Mallord William Turner

Honfleur; Detail of the Lieutenancy Building, Honfleur

?1829

Not on display

Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 107 × 156 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D23725
Turner Bequest CCLIII 14 a

Catalogue entry

The page contains two sketches, one drawn horizontally and the other, on the left, drawn vertically, some lines continuing left onto folio 15 recto opposite (D23726). Finberg noted this page simply as ‘Harbour’,1 but the location has been identified further as Honfleur.2 (For further information on Honfleur, see under folio 1 recto; D23699.) Art historian Ian Warrell notes3 that this sketch was referred to with folio 17 recto (D23730), along with folios 15 recto and verso (D23726–D23727) as preliminary sketches, for Turner’s later watercolour, The Lieutenancy Building at Honfleur, Normandy, c.1832 (Tate D24641; Turner Bequest CCLIX 76). It appears the vertical sketch was referred to especially for details of the turrets of the Lieutenancy building.
The horizontal sketch shows the harbour. Turner indicates the outlines of a ship on the left, and a lighthouse as well as other buildings on the right, roughly with loose strokes. In the vertical sketch, of buildings, he concentrates on the shape of a turret on the right of the sketch. Such turrets appear on the Lieutenancy building, a sixteenth-century4 building which was the residence of the King’s Lieutenant from the seventeenth century. It is the only remaining important vestige of Honfleur’s town fortifications; it formed part of the rampart which encircled the town.5
1
Finberg 1909, II, p.768.
2
Warrell 1999, pp.110, 259 note 34, p.269 no.69; ?Ian Warrell, ‘Turner on the Seine: Topographical Index’, c.1999, Prints and Drawings Room, Tate Britain (printout in copy of Warrell 1999), p.3.
3
Warrell 1999, pp.110, 259 note 34, p.269 no.69.
4
Warrell 1999, p.110.
5
‘Le Vieux Bassin et la Lieutenance’, www.ot-honfleur.fr, accessed 21 February 2017, http://www.ot-honfleur.fr/decouvrir/histoire-et-patrimoine/le-vieux-bassin/.
Technical notes:
An ink splash stain appears at the far left of the page.

Caroline South
May 2017

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