This sketch shows Kirkstall Abbey, a ruined Cistercian monastery founded in the twelfth century (see Tate D18390; Turner Bequest CCX 48). It is situated on the banks of the River Aire, near Leeds, West Yorkshire.
For more information see Alice Rylance-Watson, ‘Kirkstall Abbey, on the River Aire 1824 by Joseph Mallord William Turner’, catalogue entry, March 2013, in David Blayney Brown (ed.), J.M.W. Turner: Sketchbooks, Drawings and Watercolours, August 2014, https://www.tate.org.uk/art/research-publications/jmw-turner/joseph-mallord-william-turner-kirkstall-abbey-on-the-river-aire-r1146210.