In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

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Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Gouache and graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 220 × 283 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D04499
Turner Bequest LXXIV 7

Technique and condition

This is a drawing on buff-coloured laid paper. A thick, soft graphite pencil has been used in the foreground to create dark, soft looking areas. A finer, harder graphite pencil has been used in the background to create a sense of depth and distance. Turner habitually employed two hardnesses of pencil to achieve such effects.
Here he applied very light touches of white gouache in the foreground, over the pencil shading. This narrow range of materials was a highly practical choice when travelling far from home and working outdoors. The several brown stains on the image, probably picked up long afterwards in Turner’s studio, dominate the image and reduce the impact of the gouache highlights.
The top edge of the sheet has been roughly cut and there are three small nicks and one small hole where this side was bound into a sketchbook. In the past this image was covered with a window mount and displayed in bright light for a prolonged period of time, which has caused slight but irreversible darkening of the paper.

Helen Evans
October 2008

Revised by Joyce Townsend
February 2011

Catalogue entry

The title given by John Ruskin and followed by Finberg is retained pending closer identification of the location.
Verso:
Blank

David Blayney Brown
September 2011

Read full Catalogue entry

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