Joseph Mallord William Turner

Notes by Turner from Eustace’s ‘A Classical Tour Through Italy’

c.1819

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 155 × 99 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D13940
Turner Bequest CLXXII 5

Catalogue entry

This page is one of several sides of extensive notes made by Turner from A Classical Tour Through Italy by Revd John Chetwode Eustace. The source was first identified by Cecilia Powell, who also transcribed Turner’s notes in full in the Appendix of her 1984 PhD thesis, ‘Turner on Classic Ground: His Visits to Central and Southern Italy and Related Paintings and Drawings’.1 The inscription is repeated here with only minor variations from her text:
Castle built by Theodoric. on the hill a celebrated | aqueduct ^Roman^ of fine dimensions .unites the town | by a bridge to Monte Luco – | two miles from Spoleto the Monte Somma | Temple of Poseidon Summanus of 5000 feet | Terni the Interamna, Gate .. Cascade | Caduta delle Marmore above the fall | or plain. the Village of Papignia Lake Pie | de Lugo. village Pie de Lugo and Castle of Labro | Reate or Rieti. Vale of the Nar. Narni. | Bridge Vale of the Narn. a defile of | Mt Viterbo to Otricoli. first V of the Tiber | a Theatre. and Ruined portico | Ponte Felice Borghetto. Civita Castellana | Mt Cimini. Right Mt Soracte left Falisco | Nepi – Mt Rosi next stage to Campagna | di Roma hights [sic] above Baccano. 1st view | of Rome – by Monte Mario Ponte | Molle (Pons Milvius – by the Via Flaminia | entered by Porta del Popolo – Piazza de Espagna | St P:. the Capitol Forum. 2. Triumphal archs | Palatine Mount Nero Palace. Temple | of Apollo Celian Mt Temple of Faunus | Aventine. Esquiline with Tombs and Aquduct [sic] | Viminal Quirinal. Baths of Diocletian. | Antoninus Temple of Minerva Medica | Church of St John’s Lateran Santa Maria | Maggiore
These notes relate to various passages from volume I of Eustace’s text and condense the author’s account of the southward journey between Spoleto and Rome.2 Turner followed a similar itinerary in 1819 and visited many of the places represented within these notes such as the Falls of Terni (Caduta della Marmore), Lake Piediluco, Narni, Otricoli, Borghetto and the Ponte Felice, Civita Castellana and Nepi (see Ancona to Rome sketchbook, Tate, Turner Bequest CLXXVII). He also picks up on Eustace’s description of the first view of Rome:

Nicola Moorby
July 2008

1
Powell 1984, pp.381–2.
2
John Chetwode Eustace, A Classical Tour Through Italy, London 1815, 3rd edition, vol.1, pp.325–57.
3
Ibid., pp.341–2.

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