This sketch is part of a panoramic view of part of the Gulf of Naples, as seen from the city. Turner’s viewpoint is not precisely known but it appears to be an area of high ground to the east of the Chiaia waterfront, possibly the Pizzofalcone Hill (or Monte Echia) above Castel dell’Ovo.1 The vista looks south-west across the bay towards the hill and coastline of Posillipo, characterised by it shoreline villas including the ruins of the Palazzo Donn’Anna on the right near the gutter of the sketchbook. The landscape ends at the Capo di Posillipo (Cape of Posillipo) on the far left-hand side. The composition continues on the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 39 (D15630; Turner Bequest CLXXXIV 38).
Compare the similar vista in a watercolour by Giovanni Battista Lusieri (1755–1821), View of the Bay of Naples from the Palazzo Sessa 1791 (J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, California), reproduced in colour in Ian Jenkins and Kim Sloan, Vases and Volcanoes: Sir William Hamilton and his Collection, exhibition catalogue, British Museum, London 1996, no.4, pp.112–13.