This sketch is part of a panoramic 180-degree view from the hill of Camaldoli looking along the Tyrrhenian coastline from Vesuvius in the east to the Gulf of Pozzuoli in the west. Turner’s contemporary, James Hakewill (1778–1843), drew a similar vista in 1816 inscribed with the names of the principal landmarks.1 The composition continues on the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 75 verso (D15886; Turner Bequest CLXXXV 73a), but the landmarks visible on this side include Vesuvius and the Sorrentine peninsula, the island of Capri and the curving bay of Naples with the prominent headland of the Castel dell’Ovo jutting into the sea near the centre of the sketch. The ridge of land to the right represents the Posillipo Hill ending at the Scuolo di Virgilio and the island of Nisida.
For a more detailed discussion and further views from Camaldoli see folio 73 (D15871; Turner Bequest CLXXXV 71).
View from the great Camaldoli above the city of Naples 1816 (British School at Rome Library), reproduced in Tony Cubberley and Luke Herrmann, Twilight of the Grand Tour: A catalogue of the drawings by James Hakewill in the British School at Rome Library, Rome 1992, no.5.42, reproduced p.270.