Joseph Mallord William Turner

Part of a View of the Bay of Baiae, with the So-Called Temple of Diana


Not on display

Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Graphite on paper
Support: 122 × 197 mm
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Turner Bequest CLXXXIV 83

Catalogue entry

During his 1819 visit to southern Italy, Turner made several sketches of the Bay of Baiae, an ancient Roman bathing resort situated on the coast approximately ten miles west of Naples. These formed the basis for a later oil painting, one of three Italian subjects completed by the artist in the months and years following his return to London in 1820. The painting, The Bay of Baiae, with Apollo and the Sibyl exhibited 1823 (Tate, N00505),1 features a similar view to that depicted here, looking south-east across the bay towards the distant Posillipo coast, with the so-called Temple of Diana, a ruined thermal bath-house with a half-dome vault, on the left. Turner’s viewpoint for this drawing is very close to the so-called Temple of Venus, an octagonal ruin which appears with the castle of Baiae on the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 84 verso (D15722; Turner Bequest CLXXXIV 82a).
For further on-the-spot views of Baiae see folios 79 verso–81, 82, 85 verso–89 verso, 92 (D15712–D15715, D15717, D15724–D15732 and D15737; Turner Bequest CLXXXIV 77a–79, 80, 83a–87a and 90).

Nicola Moorby
June 2010

Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, no.230.

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