Joseph Mallord William Turner

Peak District Views: ?Topley Pike and Chee Tor; ?Manchester

?1831

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 191 × 114 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D22248
Turner Bequest CCXXXIX 53 a

Catalogue entry

With the page turned vertically, there are two landscape studies separated by a horizontal pencil line below, and a townscape above. Ian Warrell has suggested that the central sketch of a steep hill may show Topley Pike,1 south of the Bakewell road in Wye Dale about three miles east of Buxton, hence Turner’s inscription ‘Rd to Bux’. If so, the steep crag is shown from the road looking east, although modern tree cover prevents a precise comparison with all the features Turner shows. Below, Turner notes Chee Tor, which stands above a loop of the River Wye, and possibly Wormhill, the village to its north, about a mile north-east of Topley Pike, but the small scale and lack of obvious landmarks make the viewpoint difficult to establish. See under folio 52 verso (D22246) for other views in and around Buxton.
The top drawing shows a town with a pinnacled church tower to the right. Again, the subject is uncertain, although industrial Manchester, through which Turner passed on his way to Scotland in 1831, is a possibility;2 for other views in this sketchbook see under folio 12 recto (D22171).

Matthew Imms
April 2014

1
Ian Warrell, notes from 1993 and later in Tate catalogue files.
2
See MS amendment to ibid.

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