227. [N05546] Richmond Hill with Girls carrying Corn c. 1819
THE TATE GALLERY, LONDON (5546)
Canvas, 58 × 93 3/4 (147 × 238)
Coll. Turner Bequest 1856 (? 270 in 1856 Schedule, I unidentified 8'0" × 5'8 1/2"; see below); transferred to the Tate Gallery 1947.
Lit. Davies 1946, pp. 168, 190 nn. 23 and 26; exh. cat., R.A. 1974–5, p. 78.
According to Davies there were two numbers chalked on the back of this picture in 1946, ‘270’, crossed out, and ‘250’. For the confusion in the 1854 Schedule over these numbers see No. 529 [N05544] which also bore the chalk number ‘250’.
Formerly catalogued as ‘Extensive Landscape with Girls carrying Corn’ but recognised in 1974 as a first version, on Turner's standard large-size canvas, of England: Richmond Hill exhibited in 1819 (No. 140 [N00502]). The composition extends less far to the right and rather further on the left, where there is a building; the Thames is shown slightly to the right of centre. Instead of the throng of figures in the exhibited picture only four girls are shown in the left foreground. The trunk of one of the large framing trees on the right has not been painted in.
There are two small tears in the canvas, top left and top right. The surface is dirty and badly water-stained.
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984