Joseph Mallord William Turner

Ringgenberg Castle, Lake Brienz

1802

In Tate Britain

Prints and Drawings Room

View by appointment
Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite and chalk on ppaer
Dimensions
Support: 213 × 284 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D04539
Turner Bequest LXXIV 46

Catalogue entry

Finberg listed this as one of a further five drawings associated with this sketchbook which ‘had also been mounted, but have not been exhibited. Their titles, if they had any, have been cut off.’
This view of Ringgenberg Castle on the north bank of Lake Brienz was not made during Turner’s boat trip on the lake. Instead it is an intermediate composition study based on pencil sketches in the smaller Rhine, Strassburg and Oxford sketchbook which would have been more convenient to take with him (Tate D04753, D04761; Turner Bequest LXXVII 17a, 23a). The hatching and shading of black chalk in the silhouette of the castle and its reflection on the surface of the water, and the whitening of the sky are more considered than spontaneous. The effect may be of moonlight, recalling the late end of a day out on a lake. Turner also made a colour study (Tate D04896; Turner Bequest LXXX C).
Among the five finished watercolours of Lake Brienz to come out of Turner’s drawings from 1802, one of Chateau de Rinkenberg, on the Lac de Brientz, Switzerland was made in 1809 for Walter Fawkes (Taft Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio).1
1
Wilton 1979, pp.343–4 no.388.
Verso:
Blank, inscribed by a later hand in pencil ‘22’

David Blayney Brown
September 2011

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