Along with three technically similar blue paper drawings (Tate D20818, D24844, D24846; Turner Bequest CCXXVII a 15, CCLX 8, 10) this is a preliminary study for Turner’s large painting Dido Directing the Equipment of the Fleet, or The Morning of the Carthaginian Empire, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1828 (Tate N00506).1 While Finberg had recognised the subject of D20818,2 the remaining three, possibly sight unseen, had been grouped with blue paper subjects ‘mostly connected with “French River” series’,3 having been displayed in that context in the nineteenth century. As acknowledged by Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, Jerrold Ziff was the first to recognise the subject of the current work and D24844;4 with their figures and quite elaborately articulated architecture, the two variations are the most developed of the four.
For general comments on the subject and Andrew Wilton’s remarks on the four drawings as related to Turner’s own early drawings and his ‘Old Master’ models,5 see the Introduction to this subsection.
The tonal areas at the left, which have possibly become discoloured, were worked with white chalk details, and chalk is used extensively in the sky and its reflection, and to emphasise one or two details within the ink outlines.
Blank; yellowish ?offsets of wash from another sheet. Inscribed in pencil ‘CCLX – 7’ bottom centre.
- townscapes / man-made features(21,653)