The subject of this sketch is the Villa d’Este in Tivoli, a sixteenth-century villa and formal Renaissance garden built for Cardinal Ippolito d’Este (1509–1572), the son of Lucrezia Borgia. Turner’s panoramic view is taken from the high vantage point of the principal casino looking west in the direction of Rome, and sweeps down across the landscaped estate with its terraced gardens, structured walkways and tall cypress trees. The drawing continues on the opposite sheet of the double-page spread, see folio 5 (D14941). Turner filled several pages of the Tivoli and Rome sketchbook with studies of the Villa d’Este. For a full discussion see folio 5 verso (D14942).
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